培养有效的对等编辑的5种方法

在中学ELA和高中英语课中培养对等编辑的5种方法

When I teach writing in my classroom, I teach it as a process. Every part of the writing process, from the initial brainstorming to peer 编辑, is equally important and integrally essential to the final draft.

All too often, students flounder when it comes to peer 编辑 essays. Not only is it confusing for students, but they often lack the direction and skills that they need to successfully peer edit a paper. Simply designating a day for either peer 编辑 and giving each student a red pen and free range to check his or her best friend’纸张不足。

When it comes to peer 编辑, students need direction and focus. Here are FIVE ways to make peer 编辑 successful in your class.

1.用导师句进行同伴编辑

带有导师句子的同伴编辑是一种很好的方式,不仅可以教会学生如何编写正确有效的论文陈述和主题句子,而且可以指导学生,因为他们正在寻找和纠正或补充论文的特定方面。当我的学生仍在概述论文时,我喜欢进行同行编辑活动。此活动从开始到结束大约需要15分钟,可以在课堂结束时轻松完成,并在写作过程的早期为学生提供重要的反馈。

要使用导师句子进行同级编辑,只需在板上写下或投影一个示例论文陈述和主题句子(每个正文一个或一个)即可。然后让学生交换论文,并指导他们仅对论文陈述和主题句子进行同行编辑。学生应使用指导者句子作为指导,以确保论文陈述和主题句子的准确性和完整性。论文陈述应包括有关论文主题,强动词和支持理由的信息。同样,主题句子应包括主题,强动词和从句。

When using this method of peer 编辑, it helps to color code the mentor sentences. Doing this provides extra support for struggling writers, and it especially helps them understand and identify each part of the thesis or topic sentence.

2.以不同的颜色进行同行编辑

Students are never too old to work with crayons. I love using crayons in my classroom or essay writing and peer 编辑. You can read 这个帖子 关于如何为教室的免费蜡笔打分。

使用颜色进行同级编辑时,我喜欢为论文的某些部分指定颜色。然后,我让我的同行编辑在论文的每个部分下划线。例如,他们将用红色强调论文陈述,用橙色强调主题句,用蓝色强调实例,用绿色强调注释。然后,他们将从那里专门查看论文颜色所指定的每个部分。

3.带有桩号和旋转的对等编辑

自从我开始使用我的 同行编辑站和轮换 resource with my high school students, peer 编辑 has become much simpler and more focused. To begin with, I introduce the concept of peer 编辑 to all of my students with a 微软幻灯片软件 讲述了该过程及其重要性。然后我解释说,我们将经历四个轮换,并且他们将与四个不同的人共享他们的论文。

Once I explain the process, we begin the rotation. As students work their way through each rotation, I keep a to-do checklist on the board for my students to follow. Each rotation asks students to peer edit something different in the essay. By doing this, students are very focused and they are 编辑 with a purpose.
在中学ELA和高中英语课中培养对等编辑的5种方法

最后一个轮换是建议和赞美轮换,学生必须为论文提供周到和有益的建议和赞美。这特别有用,因为它迫使同行审阅者以挑剔的眼光阅读,从而增强了他们自己的写作能力。您可以购买此资源 这里.

4.对等电子编辑

如果您足够幸运地可以使用技术或可以在1:1的数字教室中学习,则可以将对等编辑带入Google文档的全新境界。当我与学生一起使用Google进行同行评审时,我指示每个学生从“editing” to “suggesting.”这样,同行审阅者就可以直接在文档中键入内容,而无需更改原始内容。

One of the benefits of peer 编辑 digitally is that students can plug the essay into grammar checking websites like grammarly.com 或Polishmywriting.com来帮助他们在语法,拼写和样式方面提供有意义的建议。

5.使用表格和标题对等编辑

One of the best and most tried and true ways to help students complete peer 编辑 is 通过 providing them with some sort of checklist, form, or even a rubric. I use my 对等编辑变得容易 当我们不参加时在我的教室里’t have time to run through the rotations. These forms are detailed and provide students with specific information to look for. Plus, there is a peer 编辑 form for all of your writing needs.

When peer 编辑 this way, it is also helpful to provide the peer editors with a copy of the rubric you will use to grade the essays. By doing so, the reviewer is looking specifically at different elements within an essay with a critical eye.

As with any portion of the writing process, I always assign points and a grade for peer 编辑. Usually, these points are merely participation points, but 通过 doing so, I show the students that I value peer 编辑 作为写作过程的一部分。
在中学ELA和高中英语课中培养对等编辑的5种方法