如果你 ’ve never conducted a 鱼bowl discussion in your 课堂, you and your students are missing out. Similar to a 苏格拉底研讨会, 鱼bowl discussions are organized 课堂 discussions that require students to prepare thoughtful responses to deliver in class.
I love using 鱼bowl discussions as an end of the unit review activity because I can give my students a lot of content to review and use to prepare for the discussion, and I can also use the discussion itself as a way to assess my students’口语和听力技能。
You will want to prepare your 课堂 for the discussion. Typically, I place two tables or four desks in the center of the room. That is my 鱼bowl. During the discussion, four students will sit in the middle of the room and answer and discuss the topic questions. The rest of the tables and desks in the room are arranged in a circular pattern around the 鱼bowl. That way, just like people look at the 鱼 inside a 鱼bowl, the rest of the students in the 课堂 are looking at the students who are actively participating in the discussion. At the front of the room, or at the top of the 鱼bowl, I usually place two desks or one table. This is designated as the “hot seat.”
In order for the 鱼bowl discussion to be effective, students need to be prepared for the discussion questions, and that is why this activity works very well as a review activity. Typically, a couple of days before the discussion, I will assign my students about 20-30 review questions to help them prepare for the discussion and the end-of-unit test. Open-ended questions that require evidence and explanation and opinion-based questions typically work best for the discussion. When students can either agree with one another or disagree, the discussion will be more powerful. The day before the discussion, I will have my students either work in groups to answer the questions, or I will conduct some sort of collaborative activity (gallery walk, question jigsaw, or review stations) that requires students to answer the questions.
在开始鱼缸讨论之前，我先打印出复习题并将其切成小条。然后，我将每条带折叠几次，然后将它们放入某种桶中。我使用目标美元现货银行的小水桶。然后，我向班上解释鱼缸程序：每个学生必须至少讲一次；每个学生必须为对话贡献一些有意义的东西，以证明他们对内容的了解和理解；只有“fish” inside the 鱼bowl can answer the discussion questions and participate in the conversation; students sitting in the outside circle can participate at any time as long as they move to the designated “hot seat”位置;只有两个学生可以“hot seat” location at a time; all students need to be respectful at all times; and once the 鱼 inside the 鱼bowl are satisfied with their answers, they must tap in a student from the outside circle that hasn’t been inside the 鱼bowl yet. I also explain to my students that they are being graded based on their responses and that in order to receive full credit, they must contribute something meaningful to the discussion.
- “Adding onto ____’我也想说________。”
Holding a 鱼bowl conversation in your 课堂 is a great way to get all of the students involved in a 课堂 discussion. It is also a great way to help students learn difficult concepts and prepare for upcoming tests. Additionally, having 鱼bowl conversations in class helps students open up and 分享 their thoughts because even though they are sharing their thoughts and answers with the entire class, the intimate setting of the four seats in the center feels more like an intimate conversation that a 课堂 presentation.